A Medical Power of Attorney or a Health Care Power of Attorney is a document that lets you name someone else to make decisions about your health care in case you are not able to make those decisions yourself. It gives that person (called your REPRESENTATIVE) instructions about the kinds of medical treatment you want and recognized by the hospital and clinics in Ecuador in case you need a surgical procedure.
Here at EcuaAssist, you can grant a Medical Power of Attorney very easily, in three simple steps:
What is an "MEDICAL POA"?
In Ecuador, the article 15 of the Code of Medical Ethics in Ecuador states: “The Doctor / Practitioner will not make any surgical intervention without previous authorization from the patient if the patient cannot authorize it by itself, so it should be authorized by its representative or family member unless this involves the patient´s life under risk in a short period of time. In all cases, the authorization must include the following information: type of intervention, the risks, and the possible complications.”
Who could be my Agents?
Agent 1: It must be a person who lives in Ecuador, as he/she will be the immediate person to contact in case of an emergency.
Agent 2 (OPTIONAL): It can be a person from Ecuador or a relative who is outside the country. The most recommended is to designate a person who lives in Ecuador, but there is no problem if the second agent is somebody who lives abroad.
Can I use the passport number of my agent for my medical POA?
Yes, as stated above, we can accept a copy of a passport for your healthcare agent, however, we suggest that your primary POA agent holds a cedula, because passport numbers change when they are reissued, requiring a re-writing of your healthcare POA. Additionally, someone who holds a cedula, and is local, can act on your behalf much faster than someone who lives out of the country.
How is the Medical POA granted?
The Principal must sign in accordance with the Ecuadorian Notary Law, in front of a public notary, if the grantor is not fluent in Spanish an interpreter must be nominated to sign along with the principal.
After this has been legally authorized the document becomes valid to be used. The Principal must be thinking freely during the creation of the Medical Power of Attorney.
It is best if the medical POA is carried at all times, as emergencies cannot be predicted. We also suggest that your agent and your primary care physician have their copies readily available and are aware of the implications and responsibilities attached to this document.