Regulations to the Human Mobility Act was signed by President Lenin Moreno
On August 3rd, President Lenin Moreno signed presidential decree No. 111 which includes the Regulation of the Human Mobility Act (Ley Orgánica de Movilidad Humana). The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ecuador will exercise the stewardship of visas and human mobility, while the stewardship of migratory controls is under the Ministry of the Interior of Ecuador.
The Regulation of the Human Mobility Act is made up of 3 books.
Book No. 1 People in Human Mobility
Book No. 2 Travel documents
Book No. 3 Migratory controls
In total this codification of the law is composed of 146 articles, 5 general provisions and 9 transitory provisions, which all together will regulate the application of the Human Mobility Act (Ley Orgánica de Movilidad Humana (LOMH)), published on Official register on February 6th, 2017.
Among the most important provisions of the Human Mobility Act we find in this regulation the following:
TYPES OF MIGRATORY CATEGORIES AND CONDITIONS
In Article 18 of the Human Mobility Act (RLOMH, for its initials in Spanish) it is established that there are migratory conditions and categories.
There are only two general migratory statuses in Ecuador, and under these two general statuses there are additional subcategories as listed below:
To check the types of residency visas in Ecuador check this link
REGULARIZATION OF FOREIGNERS WHO HAVE LOST THEIR MIGRATORY STATUS
The regulation establishes the foreigner’s responsibility to regularize their migratory status in Ecuador, per article 15 of the Regulation of the Human Mobility Act, which indicates that in the event that a foreigner has lost their migratory status due to termination (at the end of the validity of their visa) or due to cancellation (when by an administrative resolution the foreigner has been declared as no longer complying with the facts that motivated the issuance of the visa, has changed their migratory status, or if the foreigner is carrying out activities not authorized under their migratory status). Article 68 of the Human Mobility Act details this concepts precisely.
Foreigners in the situation described above will have 30 days to file a new application to regularize their migratory status and their length of staying in Ecuador.
CEDULA (ID CARD) FOR FOREIGNERS:
Article 44 of the Human Mobility Act makes it clear that once a foreigner obtains migratory status as a resident, they may be granted an Ecuadorian cédula. This is ratified by Article 17 of the Human Mobility Act, which clarifies that cédulas for people with temporary residence visas will be emitted only with a period of validity equal to the time of the visa. For people who already have temporary residence visas and do not yet have cédulas, they should present proof that they have complete health insurance before the agency that emitted their visa. This agency will then provide a cédula order that can be presented to the Civil Registry to obtain a cédula.
It is important to mention that having an Ecuadorian cédula facilitates many processes for example; obtaining public services like electricity, telephone and internet form the national corporation of communications (CNT), opening a saving accounts at a bank and completing simple transaction like withdrawals and cashing checks, and the process of obtaining a driver´s license, made much simpler because you can choose to obtain a new driver´s license without having to bring your driving records and license form your country of origin. In addition, for people over 65 years of age, having a cédula permits them take advantage of the benefits for seniors.